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NETWORK PROJECT ON SHEEP IMPROVEMENT


Network Project on Sheep Improvement (NWPSI) was initiated on to undertake survey, evaluation and improvement of indigenous sheep breeds under native environment. Different breeds of sheep are being improved through selection and inter-se mating for wool and mutton production. The mandate of NWPSI is genetic evaluation and improvement of indigenous sheep by selection. Presently, there are six ongoing centres of NWPSI including four farm based units and two field based units located at difference parts of the country.

Coordination Cell:  PC Cell, NWPSI, ICAR- CSWRI, Avikanagar
Cooperating Units:

Sr. No

Location

Status

Breed

Objective

A.  Farm based Cooperating units

1

ARC (CSWRI), Bikaner

ICAR

Marwari sheep

Carpet Wool

2

CIRG, Makhdoom

ICAR

Muzaffarnagri sheep

Dual purpose

3

MPKV, Rahuri

SAU

Deccani sheep

Dual purpose

4

SVVU, Palamner

SAU

Nellore sheep

Mutton

B.  Field based Cooperating units

1

TANUVAS, Kattupakkam

SAU

Madras Red sheep

Mutton

2

ARC (CSWRI), Bikaner

ICAR

Magra Sheep

Carpet wool

The objectives of NWPSI is Genetic improvement of indigenous sheep breeds by selection. The technical programme aims at improvement of indigenous sheep breeds under farm conditions wherein the male lambs are first ranked using selection index. Index incorporates body weight and wool yield at six months of age. Each field-based unit has four centres including a ram-rearing centre, covering a sheep population of about 1500 sheep per centre. The superior male lambs are selected from the farmers’ flocks on the basis of GFY1 and 6-month body weigh in Magra sheep and on six-month body weight basis in Madras Red sheep. Male lambs are initially identified at 3 month of age and are finally selected after first shearing. Selected male lambs from improver flocks are supplied for breeding to base flocks.

Breeding rams of high breeding value are produced from farm based unit every year for germplasm distribution. The Sheep Improvement Programmes will continue and efforts will be made to bring overall improvement in sheep productivity through distribution of superior germplasm and adoption of improved scientific management practices.

Summary of achievements made during 2014-15

  • Genetic improvement (Farm): Marwari, Muzaffarnagari, Deccani and Nellore sheep are maintained under farm units for improvement through selection and production of superior germplasm.  A total of 77 Marwari, 125 Muzaffarnagari, 66 Deccani and 70 Nellore rams were sold for genetic improvement of farmers flock during last year (2014-15).

 

  • Genetic improvement (Field): A total of 11296 Madras red sheep having 6090 breedable ewes of 114 sheep farmers and 8212 Magra sheep with 4493 breedable ewes of 100 sheep farmers were covered under field units for performance recording and improvement. About 91 Madras Red rams and 98 Magra rams were distributed to registered sheep farmers during 2014-15.Identification and performance recording of progeny was strengthened and 810 Madras Red lambs were identified by tagging/tattooing during 2014-15.
  • Training on AI in Sheep: Training program on “Demonstration of Oestrous Synchronization and Artificial Insemination (AI) in Sheep” for Scientists/ Professors/ PIs of sheep units was conducted during 20-26th August, 2014 at CSWRI, Avikanagar. Dr. Suresh Honnappagol, Animal Husbandry Commissioner, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries presided over as chief guest during the inaugural function. Participants from Nellore, Madras Red, Deccani and Marwari units of NWPSI and Mecheri, Mandya and Malpura units of MSSP participated in the training. Prof. (Dr.) M. L. Madan, Former DDG, ICAR presided over as the chief guest during the valedictory function and distributed the certificates.

 

  • AI Unit: AI with oestrous synchronization protocol will be utilized to accelerate superior germplasm dissemination and effective ewe coverage. AI Unit was established in Magra Unit, ARC and Madras Red Sheep Unit, TANUVAS, Kattupakkam.
  • Genetic Resources Maintained:

            Farm units (as on 31.03.2015)   

Breed

Adult Male

Adult Female

Total strength

Marwari

62

389

737

Muzaffarnagari

44

310

580

Deccani

70

380

712

Nellore

31

420

754

            Field units: Flock coverage (as on 31.03.2015)   

Unit

Sheep breeders registered

Total sheep registered

Breeding rams

Breedable ewes

Rams in ram rearing centre

Madras Red

114

11296

128

6090

36

Magra

100

8212

98

4493

60

 PROJECT TEAM

Name

Designation

Location

E-mail id

 

ICAR Head Quarter

Dr. K. M. L. Pathak

DDG (AS)

ICAR, New Delhi

ddgas.icar@nic.in

Dr. R. S. Gandhi

ADG (AP&B)

ICAR, New Delhi

ravindersinghgandhi@gmail.com

Dr. Vineet Bhasin

Pr. Scientist (AGB)

ICAR, New Delhi

vineetbhasin.icar@nic.in

 

Coordinating Cell, ICAR-CSWRI, Avikanagar

Dr. S. M. K. Naqvi

Director  & Project Coordinator (SB)

CSWRI

cswriavikanagar@yahoo.com

Dr. L. Leslie Leo Prince

Inchrage, PC Cell &
Sr. Scientist (AGB)

Div. of AG&B, CSWRI

Leslie.Prince@icar.gov.in

Dr. Ved Prakash

Scientist (AGB)

Div. of AG&B, CSWRI

drvedagb@gmail.com

Mr. A.K. Meena

S.R.F

PC Cell, CSWRI

ashokavikangr90@gmail.com

 

Division of AG&B, ICAR-CSWRI, Avikanagar

Dr. Arun Kumar

Head

Div. of AG&B, CSWRI

karunt04@yahoo.com

 

Cooperating Sheep Units

Dr. A . K. Patel

Head & PI, Magra Unit

ARC, CSWRI, Bikaner

akpatelarc@yahoo.in

Dr. H. K. Narula

Pr. Scientist & PI, Marwari Unit

ARC, CSWRI, Bikaner

hknarula@yahoo.co.in

Dr. Gopal Dass

Pr. Scientist & PI, Muzzafarnagri Unit

CIRG, Makhdoom

gopaldass67@gmail.com

Dr. H. Gopi

Head & PI, Madras Red Unit

PGRIAS, TANUVAS, Kattupakkam

lrs@tanuvas.org.in

Dr. S. T. Pachpute

Professor & PI, Deccani Unit

MPKV, Rahuri

pideccanisheepmpkv@gmail.com

Dr. B. Ekambaram

Professor & PI, Nellore Unit

LRS, SVVU, Palamner

dr_ekambaram@rediffmail.com

 

http://www.cswri.res.in/upload/ARM%20at%20ARC,%20Bikaner%20(3).JPG    http://www.cswri.res.in/upload/ARM%20at%20ARC,%20Bikaner%20(4).JPG
Annual Review Meeting held during 29-30th July, 2015 at ARC, Bikaner

 

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Hon’ble Dr.K.M.L.Pathak, DDG (AS) interacting with Magra sheep farmers

 

 


AI lab inaugurated by Hon’ble Dr.K.M.L.Pathak, DDG (AS) at Magra Unit

 

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Dr.R.S.Gandhi, ADG (AP&B) interacting with sheep farmers at Madras Red unit

 

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Participants of Training on AI in sheep

 

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